Baalbek Lebanon

September 2, 2011

Roman ruins at Baalbek

There is much to see at these ruins in quite a small area, which is easy to walk round.

Walls on top of walls

 Originally built as temples by the Romans the area was transformed into a citadel when the conquered by the Arabs in 748 AD. This is quite evident when you look at the different blocks that form the walls.  On top of the original walls, later construction is provided with loopholes for archers to fire arrows through while remaining concealed and protected.

Jupiter temple

There is only 6 columns remaining of the temple of Jupiter but the sheer size of these makes it easy to imagine how large the temple originally was and what a feat of construction it was to build this in the 1st century AD

Gargoyle

On top of these columns where placed gargoyles which were transformed into fountains out of the mouths of the gargoyle when it rained.

Baccus temple

The most outstanding part of this site is the Bacchus temple built in the second centuary AD.  This is almost completely preserved except for the roof. Amazing when you think of all  the earthquakes this area has suffered in the last 2000 years.

Inside Baccus temple

 

Close to the exit from the site is a small but very interesting museum. I found the photo gallery from the beginning of the 20th centuary particularly interesting.

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Anjar (Bekaa valley Lebanon)

August 31, 2011

I recently visited Anjar on a guided tour. Its quite an amazing place that was built by the Umayyad in the 7th centaury. It took twenty years to build then was only used for thirty before being destroyed in war. It then lay buried till 1949 when it was discovered and restored. The Umayyad had the 5th largest empire in history stretching from China to Spain.

 The Sultan ruled this from Damascus, but as it was too hot there in summer he had Anjar built as a summer retreat. It is in a valley between two mountain ranges but is still at a height of 1000 mtrs above sea level so much cooler than in Damascus. Its more of a town than a city but there are walls round this which can be seen today. The wide main street of this site leading to the sultans palace is amazing as every so often there is drains leading down into a sewer.

Restoration work has been undertaken but some of it not very well, as columns and buildings have been erected with parts that didn’t belong to them originally. Inside the palace this is particularly evident and the walls are quite noticeably at different levels. It’s a very interesting site which the tour guide was well informed about and made our visit more enjoyable. Centred in the middle of the Bekaa valley it was incredibly peacefull with hardly a sound to be heard.