Baalbek Lebanon

September 2, 2011

Roman ruins at Baalbek

There is much to see at these ruins in quite a small area, which is easy to walk round.

Walls on top of walls

 Originally built as temples by the Romans the area was transformed into a citadel when the conquered by the Arabs in 748 AD. This is quite evident when you look at the different blocks that form the walls.  On top of the original walls, later construction is provided with loopholes for archers to fire arrows through while remaining concealed and protected.

Jupiter temple

There is only 6 columns remaining of the temple of Jupiter but the sheer size of these makes it easy to imagine how large the temple originally was and what a feat of construction it was to build this in the 1st century AD

Gargoyle

On top of these columns where placed gargoyles which were transformed into fountains out of the mouths of the gargoyle when it rained.

Baccus temple

The most outstanding part of this site is the Bacchus temple built in the second centuary AD.  This is almost completely preserved except for the roof. Amazing when you think of all  the earthquakes this area has suffered in the last 2000 years.

Inside Baccus temple

 

Close to the exit from the site is a small but very interesting museum. I found the photo gallery from the beginning of the 20th centuary particularly interesting.

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